Vitamin D is an essential vitamin which is readily available from sunlight.
Functions of vitamin D:
Vitamin D promotes calcium and phosphorus absorption hence prevents osteoporosis and hypocalcaemic tetany.
Vitamin D takes part in cell growth, neuromuscular function, immune function and in reduction of inflammation.
Reduces the risk of multiple sclerosis, decreases the chance of hypertension, heart diseases, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, fights depression and even the likelihood of developing flu.
Factors prevent the absorption of vitamin D:
Many lifestyle and environmental factors affect the ability to get sufficient amounts of vitamin D through sun. These factors include:
- Use of sunscreen lotions
- Reduced exposure to sun (spending more time indoors)
- Living in big cities where buildings block sunlight
- Having dark complexion
Dietary sources of vitamin D:
Seafoods such as Salmon, Sardines,Shrimp
Milk and milk products such as butter, cheese, yoghurt, buttermilk